Hello friends today we’re looking at incredible facts you didn’t know about the seventh largest country in the world India. With a population of over a billion people. India is one of the most influential and powerful countries in the world. Its cultural history is particularly complex and details spanning 4,500 years of predominantly Hindu philosophy and theology. Thousands of years later modern India is profoundly different with its own colossal film industry. A diverse population and an astonishingly big workforce.
Bollywood’s highest-grossing film made 27 times more than Hollywood’s highest-grossing films. For every 600 films Hollywood produces Bollywood will make 1000. They’re the most profitable films, when you compare the numbers. Hollywood’s highest grossing film was 2009’s avatar which made 2.8 billion dollars at the box office. In stark contrast the Bollywood film 3 idiots brought in 88 million billion now that’s a profit.
Shampoo was invented in the 16th century India. Derived from the Sanskrit shampoo which means massage. The concept of shampooing was invented in India in the 16th century. Herbs and natural ingredients were used then rather than today’s combination of modern chemicals and fragrances. In particular gooseberry satin dews and fruit pulp. When colonial visitors came to India they brought the practice of shampooing and hair washing back with them to Europe.
Diamonds were first mined in India and it was the world’s greatest producer. India was the most productive diamond mining country in the world until diamonds were found in Brazil in the 18th century. There are now three active diamond mines in India. And the famous Kohinoor diamond was found in the 13th century. The 793 carats stone went from person to person and was eventually acquired by Queen Victoria during the British Raj in India.
4. Kumbh Mela
The largest religious gathering in India can be seen from space. Kumbh Mela is a Hindu pilgrimage which takes people to the banks of the Ganges every 12 years. The major event involves ritualistic bathing devotional singing religious discussion and feeding the poor. The attendance figures had to be capped at 75 million making it the largest pilgrimage on earth.
Ancient Indian civilization is the oldest in the world we often look to ancient Greece and ancient Egypt. But Indian civilization dates back to 2400 BC when it was split into 16 monarchies known as the mahajanapadas. There are even authenticated human remains that date back to 30,000 years in South Asia. The oldest Hindu texts were written between 2,000 and 500 BC as well as the first texts on science medicine and astronomy. We actually owe the number 0 to Indian mathematics who created the concept.
India is home to every major world religion and doesn’t have a national language. Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Islam and Sikhism all have a place in Indian society. With the most dominant being Hinduism and Islam covering 80% and 14% of the population respectively. Judaism has existed in India for the last two thousand two hundred and fifteen years and some of these smaller religions also featured including James Zoroastrian and Baha’i. India also doesn’t have a single national language because 1652 dialects are spoken across the different region.
7. Taj Mahal
The Indian government has used scaffolding to hide the Taj Mahal when air strikes are predicted. During the Second World War and the Indian Pakistan Wars scaffolding was put up around the distinctive domes of the Taj Mahal to make it less obvious from above. They feared strikes by the Japanese air force during World War two so hid their most famous landmark. More recent threats to the Taj Mahal include the rising levels of the Yamuna River which has cracked the tomb underneath the structure. There have been predictions that the tombs could collapse at any time.
Indians invented navigation yoga the world’s cheapest car and thorium-based nuclear power. Indian society can take credit for some of the most important inventions in the world. They were the first to create the concept of navigation over six thousand years ago using rivers and seas. Yoga was created 5000 years ago and has roots in Hinduism Buddhism and Jainism. The world’s cheapest the Tata Nano which costs around 100,000 rupees the equivalent of $1,400 and India is the home of the first next generation thorium reactor. The country is aiming to produce 30% of its electrical power with thorium by 2015.
9. Royal Residence
You can stay at the former Indian royal residence for eighty-eight thousand dollars a night. If you want to stay at the lap of luxury forget Paris and forget Dubai. India is the home of the most stunning palaces in the world. Once the home of the Maharajah’s there are opulent palaces throughout the country with some dating back hundreds of years. The kumarakom Lake Resort hosted Prince Charles’s 65th birthday and the 450 year-old Samode Palace in Jaipur has hosted famous faces from all over the world.
10. King JaySingh of Alwar
King Jaysingh of Alwar nabbed Rolls-Royce in the best possible way. India has a long and colorful history of quirky monarchies and extravagant kings and queens. The king of Alwar in northeast India was insulted by a Rolls-Royce salesman when he visited a showroom in London. A very proud man he ordered a whole fleet of Rolls-Royce cars and gave them to the cities a waste department so they could use them to transport rubbish throughout the city.
1 million Indians are millionaires. India has one of the most dramatic wealth gaps in the world. With 35% of the country living below the poverty line those who live way above it lives a very different kind of life. The richest Indian in the world is Mukesh Ambani who has a net worth of fifty-three billion dollars. The 59-year-old made his money in the oil and gas industry and his billion-dollar home recently made headlines because he chose to build a 27 story skyscraper instead of a sprawling mansion.
The first account of plastic surgery was found in an ancient Sanskrit text. One of the first medical texts was the Sushruta Samhita which can be dated back to the 6th century CE. It’s one of the very first examples of a medical and discussing surgery incisions skin grafts and nose reconstruction. Britain’s first nose job wouldn’t be performed until 1814 whirring 80 years before the Sushruta Samhita would be translated.