Kohinoor diamond also known as ‘Mountain of Light’ is a large colorless diamond found in the mines of Golconda.
The stone changed hands several times between various factions in South Asia over the next few hundred years, before ending up in the possession of Queen Victoria after the British conquest of the Punjab in 1849.
Following are the 10 interesting facts about Kohinoor Diamond, how many hands it passed, how many claimed its own, and now ultimately where is it preserved.
1) The Kohinoor Diamond is one of the most famous diamonds in the world and was discovered in the mines of Golconda in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, in which the Kakatiya Dynasty reigned the region.
2) It is a diamond that was originally 793 carats when uncut and is now a 105.6 metric carats diamond, weighing 21.6 grammes in the most recent cut state, and once the largest known diamond.
3) After the subjugation of Punjab in the Second Sikh War in 1849, Duleep Singh, the last Sikh ruler of Punjab, was ordered by the then governor general of India, Lord Dalhousie, to personally hand over the Kohinoor to the British Queen.
4) After Queen Victoria’s death, the Kohinoor was set in the crown of Queen Alexandra, the wife of Edward VII, that was used at their coronation in 1902.
The diamond was transferred to Queen Mary’s crown in 1911, and finally to Queen Elizabeth’s crown in 1937.
When the Queen Mother died in 2002, it was placed on top of her coffin for the lying-in-state and funeral.
5) According to a Hindu text it can be confirmed that the precious Kohinoor diamond is cursed.
According to the text, only women can wear that precious Kohinoor diamond and no men are allowed to wear it because the men owner of this kohinoor diamond will experience a number of misfortunes in life.
6) Kohinoor was first reported in 1304 in the ownership of Mahlak Deo, the Raja of Malwa.
The next reference to it can be found in the Babur Nama, the memories of the Mughal emperor Babur.
7) Duleep Singh personally handed over the Kohinoor diamond to the British Empire’s Queen.
It was according to the request of Lord Dalhousie, who happened to be the Governor General of India at that time.
It happened during the Punjab’s subjugation in the Sikh War II way back in the year 1849.
8) In the 14th century, the ownership of the precious diamond was transferred to Malik Kafur Khilji.
It happened because one of the governor generals in the Khilji Dynasty raided the southern Indian regions, and successfully acquired the Kohinoor from the hands of the rulers of the Kakatiya Dynasty.
9) Kohinoor was then called “Babur’s Diamond”. It was the name of the precious diamond after it was given to the heir of Babur, Aurangzeb, when he passed away.
However, Nadir Shah, who was a Persian general successfully conquered the throne of Aurangzeb and acquired the diamond. He was the one who called it as Koh-i-Noor.
10) It’s not just India which is demanding the return of the Kohinoor.
Pakistan, where the diamond is said to have been surrendered last, too has asked for the possession of the precious stone.